WE DO HAVE A PROBLEM AT THE ARIZONA BORDER.
1.Mexican drug cartels would pay for the wall under GOP bill
2.How Mexican drug baron El Chapo was brought down by technology made in Israel
3.Will Mexico’s New President Seek Justice for the Disappeared?
4.Three additional bodies found on Tamaulipas Ranch total now 24
5.Mexico City: Four Ex-Policeman killed
6.GRAPHIC — Mexican Cartel Gunmen Castrate, Murder Rivals
7.Central Americans Riot in Mexican Immigration Detention Center
8.Mexico’s New National Guard Unlikely To Stem Crime wave
9.Mexico deploys 4,000 troops, choppers against pipeline theft
10.Mexico gas shortage fuels long lines at the pump
11.Mexico death toll in two days of ‘gang violence’ reaches 29
12.DIE IN CONFRONTATION “POLICE OF THE YEAR” #COL (Translated Spanish to English)
Topic # 1: Mexican drug cartels would pay for the wall under GOP bill
House Republicans this week introduced legislation that would let the U.S. use money and property seized at the border from drug cartels to pay for a southern border wall. The bill, from Rep. Jim Sensenbrenner, R-Wis., could help reduce Democratic opposition to a border wall. Democrats in the House and Senate have opposed new federal funding for the wall in part because Trump promised during the 2016 campaign that Mexico would pay for it. “This commonsense legislation will provide the necessary funding to completely secure our southern border and cut off the flow of gang members and drugs into our country,” Sensenbrenner said. “Best of all, this can be done with minimal cost to the American taxpayer.” “This bill would break through the stalemate of funding for border security, thereby providing a path to reopen the government,” he added. “Congress should consider this legislation immediately so we can return to other important legislative business.” GOP Reps. Mark Meadows of North Carolina, Jeff Duncan of South Carolina, Phil Roe of Tennessee, Rob Bishop of Utah, Bob Gibbs or Ohio, and Jody Hice of Georgia cosponsored the bill. It was introduced as both parties have been scrambling to come up with some agreement on border wall funding. The lack of a deal has prevented Congress from funding nine federal agencies, in a shutdown that has lasted nearly three weeks.
Topic # 2: How Mexican drug baron El Chapo was brought down by technology made in Israel
Mexico’s war against its cartels always had one prime objective – to capture Joaquín Guzmán Loera, the world’s most wanted man and the country’s most powerful drug baron. And thanks to a company in Herzliya, with a little help from an unwitting Hollywood actor and telenovella star, it managed to do just that. The story starts in 2011, when the initial development of the Pegasus system was completed. Pegasus can take full control of a cell phone, including listening in on calls, reading every written communication, using its microphone to eavesdrop on conversations held in its vicinity, and taking photos (but not video) with its camera. It was also able to obtain access to all of the information needed to log into bank accounts, emails and so on without needing to hack into these accounts. The system even allowed control and monitoring of battery use, so the person whose phone was being broken into remained none the wiser of the fact he or she was being stripped of their privacy. The chairman of the NSO board of directors, Maj. Gen. Avigdor Ben-Gal, and CEOs Omri Lavie and Shalev Hulio set out to demonstrate their product to the first customer. For the first time, sources familiar with the company’s history confirm that this customer was Mexico, which was suffering from unbridled organized crime, drug cartels and human trafficking. The deal worked out very successfully for both sides. A task force set up to combat crime had suddenly grown eyes and ears, and its members excitedly embraced NSO staff when out of nowhere they could see and hear what had always been impenetrable and out of reach, especially when it came to the encrypted BBM text message service on BlackBerrys, the phone of choice for cartel members. From day one, it was obvious what the prime objective was in the battle against the Mexican drug cartels – the big boss, Joaquín Archivaldo Guzmán Loera. Better known as El Chapo, he was the head of the world’s most powerful drug cartel, and the world’s most-wanted man. Thanks to advance use of the NSO system, along with other measures, the Mexicans managed to locate him in February 2014 in his apartment in Mazatlán, off the coast of the Pacific Ocean. He was caught without a fight and imprisoned again. While in prison, El Chapo was using hidden phones he had in his possession (some under NSO surveillance) to try to have a Hollywood movie or TV show based on his life. During these phone calls, he asked his lawyers to find him someone from the film or TV industry to take on the task. The lawyers turned to Mexican telenovella star Kate del Castillo, who played a drug baron in a Mexican soap opera. In July 2015, El Chapo shocked the world when he escaped again. Pegasus continued to monitor the contacts between his lawyers and del Castillo, and later the special phone the lawyers gave the actress to use solely for text communication with El Chapo. Mexican military intelligence had obtained a device of the same rare type, a phone that was supposed to be impenetrable to hacking, which El Chapo had passed on to her. The device was flown to the NSO laboratory in Herzliya, where the experts created a special interception platform all of its very own. With the device now at their disposal, the members of the special unit heard in detail the growing romance between El Chapo and del Castillo, and of plans for a meeting between them. At the same time, on her other phone and on the lawyers’ phones, they heard del Castillo excitedly state that she had met actor Sean Penn at an event in Los Angeles and recruited him for the project. It is unclear whether Penn’s own phone was also under surveillance, but apparently there was no need anyway, because all his conversations and texts with del Castillo and later with El Chapo himself were already being intercepted through their phones. And so, the net slowly closed around the unwitting drug baron. In late 2015, del Castillo and Penn boarded a private jet that took them to an unknown location, and from there traveled a great distance by land, until they reached their meeting place. Unknown to them, this journey was heavily monitored by Mexican intelligence agents, who watched from afar as El Chapo arrived and embraced del Castillo. The agents decided not to arrest El Chapo at that point, apparently to avoid a shootout. Instead, they followed him for another two months, until on January 8, 2016, Mexican special forces raided one of El Chapo’s safe houses in the city of Los Mochis, in northern Sinaloa.
Topic # 3: Will Mexico’s New President Seek Justice for the Disappeared?
One night last March, Jessica Molina was awake in bed, recovering from surgery at her home in the Mexican border city of Nuevo Laredo, when she heard pounding at her front door. Her husband, José Daniel Trejo García, a car mechanic, slept through the noise and didn’t stir until Mexican Marines in full combat gear burst into the couple’s bedroom. “They entered in a completely straight line, as if it was an operation,” Molina recalls. Molina says she heard the Marines say twice that they had the wrong house, and she tried to calm her husband, assuring him that it was all a mistake. But the Marines insisted that Trejo García used the alias “Willy” and was the suspect they were looking for. He shouted in protest as the Marines pulled him out of bed and forced him, shoeless, out of the house. The other Marines in the house went after Gabriel Gaspar Vásquez, a friend of the couple’s from the southern state of Oaxaca, who was resting in Nuevo Laredo before attempting to cross into the United States. A Marine who noticed the couple’s security cameras asked Molina where the information from them was stored. They seized not only the data contained in the security cameras, but also the couple’s modem, their CPU, a scanner, a computer, watches, phones, and a stash of dollars and pesos. In total, the Marines were in the couple’s home for 32 minutes. “When they dumped my purse, while they were taking him away, my passport fell out, and one of them turned around and asked, ‘Are you a US citizen?’ And I said, ‘Yes, sir,’” Molina adds, because she was born in Houston. Upon learning this, the Marines’ attitude toward her changed immediately. “Respect her—she’s a US citizen,” said the one who emptied her bag. “I think my citizenship saved my life,” Molina concludes. Yet Trejo García and Gaspar Vásquez haven’t been seen since that night of March 27, 2018, when the Marines dragged them from their beds and took them away. They are among the 51 recorded cases of disappearances at the hands of Mexican Marines between January and May of last year in Nuevo Laredo. And they are part of a much longer list of people who have disappeared in Mexico since the country’s War on Drugs took off in December of 2006—officially, that number is more than 37,000. The crisis over these disappearances in the past 12 years is perhaps the deepest wound in this battered country inherited by President Andrés Manuel López Obrador, popularly known as AMLO. In November 2018, a controversial internal-security law authorizing the Mexican Army’s participation in law enforcement was struck down by the Supreme Court. By the end of the first week of AMLO’s presidency, 50,000 troops—made up of units of the Military Police, Naval Police, and Federal Police—were deployed to patrol 150 regions of the country. López Obrador has promised that this combined force will be enlarged and shaped into a new National Guard over the next three years. Under his proposal, which requires congressional approval and constitutional reforms, the National Guard will be under the control of the Army. In the interim, the Marines, which fall under Navy command, will retain control of the coastal and border regions. “In the cases from 2011 and 2015, and now in 2018, the Attorney General’s Office has refused to investigate the Marines,” Raymundo Ramos, president of the nongovernmental Human Rights Committee of Nuevo Laredo, tells The Nation. “They open investigations, and first they investigate and criminalize the victims, then their family members—but they never, ever touch the Marines.” There may be a US connection to the disappearances as well. Leaked State Department cables reveal that the United States has been extensively training and sharing information with the Mexican Marines and the Army since 2009, while cooperation between US and Mexican police goes back decades. In 2012, US Marines began deploying to Mexico to train their counterparts under the umbrella of Security Force Assistance training, while three Black Hawk helicopters were delivered to the Mexican Marines under the Mérida Initiative. In early 2018, the head of the US Northern Command, Gen. Lori Robinson, told the Senate Armed Services Committee that US Marines had trained over 1,500 Mexican Marines in 2017 “to help prepare those troops for the fight against the cartels.” This means that over one-third of the nearly 4,000 Mexican Marines active in anti-narcotics activities from January to September 2018 may have had US training. According to Ramos, the Mexican Navy has the closest relations “in terms of training, supply, information exchange, and operations” with US forces. “It is the institution that the US chooses to ensure the lives of its federal agents—DEA agents or otherwise—when they are in Mexico,” he adds. For Ramos, the outcome of this first meeting with the new government was positive, and the terms of engagement are clear: Within six months, they expect searches for the disappeared, as well as investigations into the Marines, to show results. And they expect social and economic support for the victims or their families.
Topic # 4: Three additional bodies found on Tamaulipas Ranch total now 24
The ministerial and military authorities found three more bodies on the site of the massacre between criminal groups that occurred early Wednesday morning at the Hinojosa Refugio ranch in Miguel Alemán, Tamaulipas. Although initially the Sedena reported 19 burned bodies, then 21, and in the morning Irving Barrios, head of the Attorney General of Tamaulipas, bumped up that number to 24 bodies. This afternoon the Sedena revealed that in support of the State Prosecutor’s Office, another search was conducted through the massacre site, and three more bodies were found. The Attorney General’s office confirmed the citizen’s denunciations of the finding of three more bullet-riddled corpses in the place of the massacre of the Honojosa Refugio ranch. Interesting comment: This are CDG from El Primitos faction the Frontera Chica or [San aka SMA] Miguel Aleman faction. El Primito is in charge of Los metros and fighting the Matamoros faction on the eastern side and from the western side his fighting incursions from CDN. The CDN or north east cartel or Zetas Treviños faction have a new high ranking member called el Tory hes the one that ordered the dismembering of El Rex, and he is expanding CDN territory so CDN is attacking the CDG faction in Miguel Aleman trying to expand this way as well as Coahuila and Nuevo Leon. El Tory is extremely violent. Also there’s a group of Mexican special forces GAFEs or GATEs in Reynosa the government wants to calm the city down.
Topic # 5: Mexico City: Four Ex-Policeman killed
Four ex-policemen were killed in a direct attack early this week at the intersection of the Agrarian Reform and Alfredo Carrasco, Santa Cecilia colony, confirmed the head of the capital’s police, Jesús Orta Martínez. Interviewed after the meeting with the security cabinet, Orta Martínez said that the four were drinking alcoholic beverages. The events took place around 12:30 AM, witness accounts detailed that armed individuals rampaged them directly from a moving vehicle. Before the arrival of emergency services, the attackers escaped from the scene. The Attorney General’s Office (PGJ) of Mexico City will investigate the murder of the four victims. It was reported that when arriving at the scene the investigators found the deceased: one inside a Honda Civic vehicle, two on one side of a Dodge Stratus and another on the highway.
Topic # 6: GRAPHIC — Mexican Cartel Gunmen Castrate, Murder Rivals
Cartel gunmen kidnapped, castrated, and murdered a group of men who are believed to be their rivals. One of Mexico’s most violent organizations claimed credit for the gory crime scene, saying the victims were rapists and kidnappers–alleging the murders were part of a “cleanup.” The gruesome crime scene was discovered in Coatzacoalcos, Veracruz, by authorities with the state attorney general’s office on a ranch called “El Cafetal.” Law enforcement sources revealed to Breitbart News the discovery of four men bound and castrated prior to their murders. The men also had their hands severed and appeared to tortured to death. Next to the bodies, members of Cartel Jalisco New Generation (CJNG) left a poster board taking credit for the scene, labeling the victims kidnappers and rapists. Mexico’s CJNG is currently making a series of territorial incursions around the country to take control of key fuel theft, drug trafficking, and human smuggling regions. Authorities identified one of the four victims as Rey Jose Poblete Ramos, a man with a lengthy criminal history. It remains unclear if Poblete Ramos worked with a particular cartel. The other three men are still unidentified. Breitbart News obtained access to the criminal investigation into Poblete Ramos’ 2011 arrest on the charge of kidnapping. Poblete was part of a three-man crew for Los Zetas who grabbed a worker from Mexico’s state-owned oil company Pemex as the man was coming leaving a bar in Coatzacoalcos. Despite confessing to the charge, Poblete Ramos was free two years later through suspicious court rulings.
Topic # 7: Central Americans Riot in Mexican Immigration Detention Center
A group of Central American migrants being held in a Mexican immigration detention center in Mexicali began rioting Wednesday afternoon, requiring the deployment of police and troops. A group of 23 migrants pending deportation, primarily back to Honduras, began a riot on Wednesday by burning a mattress and causing damage to bathrooms, according to local reporting. Responding municipal fire personnel were unable to enter the facility because they were met with resistance by the migrants who began throwing objects and liquids while shouting they were members of “Los Maras.” The label is commonly used to identify the violent transnational criminal gang, the MS-13. Due to the violent behavior, state cops and elements of the Mexican Army were deployed. The center was eventually brought under control when riot police forcefully entered with stun grenades, according to confidential law enforcement sources. Many of the Central Americans were dealing with drug addiction problems according to Ranulfo Figueroa, head of the regional office of the Mexican immigration agency. Breitbart sources said the migrants were protesting their forthcoming deportations. It is unknown if they were part of the original migrant caravan that began to arrive in the region in mid-November. Migrants in this center were taken into custody in Mexicali after not qualifying to stay in a shelter due to drug use or other criminal factors. Breitbart News reports extensively on the estimated 7,000 to 9,000-plus migrant caravan, which began in Honduras on October 12, 2018, and traveled through Guatemala to the United States border with Mexico. On November 14, nearly 400 migrants in eight buses were filmed traveling through the northern border state of Sonora, escorted by Mexican federal and state police. Approximately a day later, another 900 Central Americans in 22 buses passed through Sonora. Many in the migrant caravan stayed in Mexicali after the shelters of Tijuana were filled to capacity. Secondary camps were set up for those waiting to make an asylum request with U.S. Department of State. Mexicali is approximately 110 miles east of Tijuana.
Topic # 8: Mexico’s New National Guard Unlikely To Stem Crime wave
Mexico’s new president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador (known as AMLO), was sworn in on December 1, after a five-month transition period following his landslide electoral victory. Faced with an unassailable crime wave that has ravaged the country since 2007 – when then-president Felipe Calderón (2006-2012) declared an all-out war on organized crime – López Obrador outlined his security strategy shortly before taking office, after months of speculation. Against a background of nearly 30,000 intentional homicides a year (the worst rate in recent history), the plan contains some sensible – though vague – proposals, such as an overhaul of the prison system, and a rethink of drug prohibition. But his plan has drawn intense criticism for proposing the creation of a new national guard under military control as the main tool to fight crime across the entire country. The national guard would combine battalions from the army and navy, as well as the civilian Federal Police, into a new security force under the control of the Ministry of Defense. Furthermore, a recruitment drive aims to grow the fledgling force to 150,000 troops within three years. Though the new force will be nominally under civilian control, its training, discipline, values, hierarchy and daily operations will be under military command. During the campaign, López Obrador promised to send the military back to the barracks. A decade of troops on the frontline of the drug wars has left a string of human rights abuses and a piling body count. So the announcement of a new national guard – which came shortly after the Supreme Court struck down a controversial law that permitted the use of the armed forces in policing duties – left many of his supporters in shock. As the security plan would in effect dissolve the Federal Police – a civilian agency – and eschews any mention of improving the country’s weak municipal and state police agencies, the national guard is seen by many as a permanent step towards military control of the security sector. This was extensively condemned by Mexican civil society, as well as by international organizations. In addition, the proposed force is unlikely to be a panacea. On the one hand, it simply perpetuates the current security strategy that has so far failed to curb violence in the country. On the other, the national guard would still be too small to police a country as large and complex as Mexico, even assuming that it reaches its overly optimistic recruitment targets. Most worrying, however, is that the proposed national guard – the fourth new national police force to be created in as many presidencies – is a perfect example of what Daniel Sabet called “one of the great paradoxes of police reform in Mexico”. That “seemingly dramatic changes, such as dissolving one police force and creating an entirely new one, might in practice amount to very little reform of how policing is done”. To justify the national guard, López Obrador claims that there have been no improvements whatsoever in the quality of the police services in the past 12 years. This is not precisely true. While most police agencies are far from perfect, there have been notable improvements. The Federal Police has vastly improved its technical and human capabilities since 2006, and several state and municipal forces have become successful case studies in their own right. Remaking the security institutions every time a president takes power is incredibly counterproductive. Creating new institutions is costly and slow. A better alternative would focus on a long-term commitment to improving Mexico’s fledgling civilian police agencies. Corruption is an inherent risk of all police agencies, yet there is evidence that corrupted police agencies can be successfully reformed. By creating a new force, rather than solving Mexico’s security crisis, López Obrador will be setting the country back in its long and arduous road towards capable policing.
Topic # 9: Mexico deploys 4,000 troops, choppers against pipeline theft
Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador has ordered helicopters and 4,000 troops to guard the nation’s pipelines and fuel depots in an offensive against massive fuel theft. The helicopters are watching for organized gangs that drill illegal taps into underground ducts carrying gasoline and diesel. Long lines continued at gas stations in Mexico City and outlying states Friday as tanker trucks struggled to supply fuel normally delivered through pipelines. Most Mexicans understood the need to crack down on $3 billion per year in fuel thefts, but patience was wearing thin. The head of Mexico’s employers’ federation said economic losses from fuel shortages now amount to over $60 million due to transportation delays for goods and workers. Gustavo de Hoyos says the emergency measure “cannot continue much longer.”
Topic # 10: Mexico gas shortage fuels long lines at the pump
Photo # 1: A handwritten sign on a pump at a closed gas station this week in Mexico City says, “There is no gas.”
Photo # 2: Drivers told CNN en Español they joined the line after seeing other cars.
Photo # 3: People buy gas in Michoacán, one of several Mexican states where shortages have been reported.
Guadalajara, Mexico (CNN)The sky is dark. The gas station is closed. And still, drivers are lined up here, hoping for the chance to fill up. It’s been almost a week since gas stations in the Mexican state of Jalisco started to run dry. Shortages have been reported in at least five other states and in the country’s capital, too. At this station in the Guadalajara suburb of Zapopan, drivers say they’ve been waiting hours for gas. The line stretches outside the station and onto the street. Mexico’s new President and the country’s state-run oil company have called for calm. They say there isn’t a gas shortage — just a change in the way fuel is distributed. President Andrés Manuel López Obrador’s administration has closed several key pipelines in an effort to crack down on fuel theft, which he said cost the country an estimated $3 billion last year. Analysts have said the robberies were often part of a profitable criminal enterprise exploited by some of Mexico’s most notorious cartels. López Obrador urged people to be patient this week. “I ask people to help us how they can, acting with prudence, with serenity, without falling into panic, without paying attention to alarmist information,” he told reporters Wednesday. But as days pass, drivers’ desperation grows. Family members take turns waiting in long lines for gas. Some comb social media for clues about which stations are open. Others have simply decided to leave their cars at home. “People aren’t running errands. They’re not going out in the streets because of the problem going on with the fuel shortage, because there are fewer trucks, fewer taxis,” cabdriver Felipe Galindo said. “They don’t want to take out their vehicles. They’re saving them for the most necessary things.” State oil company Pemex said the new gas distribution system will have long-term benefits that outweigh any short-term cost. “The theft of gasoline has to end. It’s a direct robbery of national sovereignty. There is enough gas. Nonetheless, to end the crime, we have to take drastic measures that require the support of all Mexicans. … It’s a momentary bother for a permanent benefit,” the company said in a video posted Wednesday on Twitter. So far problems with public transportation and cargo shipments haven’t been reported, because those vehicles use diesel and not gasoline, the Jalisco state president of the National Confederation of Mexican Transporters told CNN en Español. “If we reached the point of a shortage of diesel, we would truly be facing a major national emergency,” Manuel Sánchez said. “We believe in and trust the authorities that soon this situation will be resolved so that we don’t come close to this scenario, which would be catastrophic and would not only collapse the transportation industry, but the whole national economy.” Juan Pablo Castañón, director of Mexico’s Business Coordinating Council, told reporters companies are looking to the government for assistance. “We are looking for the secretary of energy to give us a contingency plan for an emergency, and to foster more participation from private companies who can import and distribute gasoline in an urgent manner,” he said. There’s some concern that exports could be affected — and the shortage could have ripple effects north of the border. The Reuters news agency reported this week that the gas shortage could get in the way of Super Bowl celebration plans if tens of thousands of tons of avocados expected to arrive in the coming weeks can’t make it to the United States. But a spokesman for the Mexican Association of Avocado Producers and Exporters said Friday that Americans planning to put guacamole on their party tables shouldn’t worry. “There will be virtually no impact from the fuel shortage in Mexico on our ability to deliver avocados to the US market, as the majority of our suppliers use diesel in their trucks,” spokesman Ramon Paz said in a statement released to CNN. “We are on track to deliver some 200 million pounds of product throughout January — right on schedule.” Gasoline is a major issue in Mexico, where oil is viewed as a prized national possession.
Topic # 11: Mexico death toll in two days of ‘gang violence’ reaches 29
Two days of supposed gang violence have left at least 29 people dead in Mexico
Mexican authorities said on Friday that five attackers have died in a clash with soldiers in the northern border state of Tamaulipas, bringing the state’s death toll in two days of presumed gang-related violence to 29. A group of armed assailants attacked a military patrol Thursday on a highway near the Rio Grande, wounding one soldier, according to a Tamaulipas state official who was not authorized to be quoted by name. The official said the patrol returned fire, killing five assailants. Some of the gunmen were wearing bulletproof vests and military-style camouflage. The area where the confrontation occurred, near the town of Miguel Aleman, has long been dominated by the Zetas drug cartel. The town is about 80km west of McAllen, Texas, where US President Donald Trump visited Thursday to push for a border wall. The state official said the death toll in a separate presumed drug cartel shoot-out on Wednesday near Miguel Aleman had risen to 24, with the discovery of three more bodies. Experts originally counted 21 bodies, many found in twisted piles of charred corpses in a field near burned-out vehicles. But the state official said Thursday that continued investigations located three more bodies. Those killings apparently arose from a dispute between the Gulf cartel and a faction of the Zetas cartel.
Topic # 12: DIE IN CONFRONTATION “POLICE OF THE YEAR” #COL
José Raudel Nava García, decorated in December 2018 as policeman of the year, died in a confrontation with an armed group in the vicinity of the town Tecolapa, in the municipality of Tecomán. During the first three years of the administration of Governor José Ignacio Peralta Sánchez, 16 police officers of municipal, state and federal corporations have been assassinated in the state, and five more have managed to survive attacks. The president of the Police Security and Dignification organization of Colima, Juan Nazario Alfaro Palacios, lamented the death of Nava Garcia, whom he described as one of the best elements that the State Police had, “a person very committed to work and always faced the best of himself to fulfill his duty.” Alfaro denounced that the Colima police officers go out to confront crime in conditions of vulnerability, without weapons or sufficient protection equipment, which is why criminal groups have overtaken security corporations. This situation, he said, has caused society to be currently “in a state of helplessness, of darkness, without knowing what is happening, when this will end, and on the other hand governments are still clinging to the idea to continue firing police officers or keep them within their functions, but without the proper tools to perform their work, since there are many elements unarmed, on the pretext that they did not pass the confidence control test, but still send them to the operatives.” Alfaro Palacios recalled that in the last two years his organization has managed to reinstate, through amparo trials, more than 10 police officers who had been dismissed for failing the test of control and confidence, considered “violation of human rights.” Juan Nazario currently has a lawsuit against the state Secretariat of Public Security (SSP), because a little over a year ago he was dismissed after forming the group with the purpose of improving the working and operational conditions of the police. In the case of the policeman who died yesterday, after 20 years of service, he demanded that the state government comply with his pension obligations towards his relatives, “that does not leave them in abandonment as many have remained and it has been necessary to file lawsuits before the courts so that the authorities respond with all the expenses and supports to which the relatives have a right, and we as a civil association will be on the lookout and with pleasure we can support the family.” According to a statement from the SSP, the confrontation in which he lost the life, the policeman -conceived during the annual breakfast offered by the SSP- occurred when he patrolled, together with his companions, the rural communities of the municipality of Tecomán, and surprised armed individuals in the gap known as El Túnel, between the communities of Tecolapa and Madrid. According to the agency, the state security forces were traveling along this dirt road as part of an operation, and “they ran into the aggressors, who, seeing the presence of the authorities, began firing at them repeatedly, so the elements of the SSP repelled the aggression.” In the confrontation two civilians and the agent José Raudel Nava died, while another policeman was wounded. A Nissan pick-up truck, weapons and loaders were secured in the place, but several people escaped, running through the bushes.